The United States is a truly amazing Country with the strongest economy in the Free World. Low unemployment, a world beating lifestyle and the American Dream… Why then are people lining up in their millions to Immigrate to Canada from the US?
There are many reasons why people want to Immigrate to Canada from the US, such as creating a better future for their families, a good work-life balance, furthering their studies or maybe just to escape the hustle and bustle of city life. Whatever personal reasons for Immigrating to Canada from the US it’s much easier to move to Canada from the United States than it is to migrate from other countries in the World.
When most people immigrate to Canada from the US they have deep family or personal reasons for moving. For some, it’s a lifelong dream, for others, it’s about space and quality of life. Canadian Immigration is currently going through a once in a generation opportunity, with the Canadian Government announcing a critical need for up to One million highly skilled migrants over the next two years.
The varied reasons for Immigrating to Canada from the US include clean living, combined with unparalleled nature wilderness and winter sports opportunities. For some skilled immigrants to Canada moving from the US its to reunite with family and for others it’s a return to the place they built up great memories as a student or on a IEC working holiday visa. Others move to Canada from the US to start a new business or to invest in the country’s many opportunities.
After this One million quota has been reached the Canadian Immigration program could close entirely for many years. Once Canada is full, Immigration opportunities will cease.
The great thing about Canadian Immigration and those looking to immigrate to Canada from the US is that Canada has many opportunities for United States Citizens to obtain Permanent Residency status. And once Permanent Residency status has been secured, then you may become a Canadian Citizen after four years. And best of all, you don’t need to give up your United States Citizenship as Uncle Same allows Dual Nationality.
There are many different ways to immigrate to Canada from the US and Emigrate Canada are experts in every single Canadian Immigration Pathway from the United States.
U.S. citizens can enter and reside in Canada as temporary residents for up to six months at a time without having to apply for a visa. This is a great way to test whether Immigrating to Canada from the US is right for you and your loved ones.
Perhaps the easiest way to start your new life in Canada is to apply for, and obtain, a work permit that can potentially convert into permanent residence status later.
Canada work permits for US Citizens are valid for one to three years. To secure a Canadian work permit, you first need a job offer from a Canadian employer. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) work permits can be secured by many types of professional occupations such as medical professionals, scientists, financiers and accountants, architects, etc., as long as they have a formal valid job offer in Canada.
If I don’t have a NAFTA Occupation for a Canadian Work Permit can I still work in Canada?
For occupations not covered in the NAFTA professional status work permit category, a Canadian employer would first have to secure a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before they can offer a job to an United States Citizen, but don’t worry, with our expert support and guidance this process should only take a maximum of three months from start to finish.
Take the Free Visa Assessment to find out if you are Eligible to Immigrate to Canada from the United States.
For a US Citizen to move to Canada on Skilled Migration they must first qualify with an eligible occupation and then qualify to enter the Canadian Express Entry Pool of Candidates.
From there a range of options are available to move your application through the process. Depending on your profession in the United States, you may be able to obtain confirmed visas by passing a Red Seal Challenge if you are a US Trades Person. You may move ahead if you have a certified Job offer in Canada waiting for you, and you may have other ways open to you to move more quickly through the pool of candidates depending on your career and individual Canadian Immigration points.
To find out more, fill in the Free Visa Assessment as each profession has different options available. Emigrate Canada have dedicated occupation specialists standing by to assist you immigrate to Canada from the United States in as little as 6 months via the Express Entry Platform.
The following checklist will enable you to work out (generally) whether you are able to migrate to Canada from the US.
Step One: Identify an Occupation in Demand
Firstly, in order for any migration to Canada from the US to be successful, you’ll be required to have an Occupation in Demand, as specified in this list below.
0011 United States Legislators
0012 Senior government managers and officials in the US
0013 American Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services
0014 Senior managers – health, education, social and community services and membership organizations
0015 United States Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.
0016 Senior managers – construction, transportation, production and utilities
0111 Financial managers in the US
0112 Human resources managers in the US
0113 Purchasing managers in the United States
0114 Other administrative services managers
0121 Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers from the US of A
0122 Banking, credit and other investment managers in the US
0124 United States Qualified Advertising, marketing and public relations managers
0125 Other business services managers
0131 Telecommunication carriers managers
0132 Postal and courier services managers
0211 Engineering managers in the US
0212 Architecture and science managers
0213 Computer and information systems managers
0311 Managers in health care
0411 Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration
0412 Government managers – economic analysis, policy development and program administration
0413 Government managers – education policy development and program administration
0414 Other managers in public administration
0421 Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training
0422 School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education
0423 Managers in social, community and correctional services
0431 Commissioned police officers
0432 Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers
0433 Commissioned officers of the Canadian Forces
0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers
0512 Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
0513 Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors
0601 Corporate sales managers
0621 Retail and wholesale trade managers
0631 Restaurant and food service managers
0632 Accommodation service managers
0651 Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.
0711 Construction managers
0712 Home building and renovation managers
0714 Facility operation and maintenance managers
0731 Managers in transportation
0811 Managers in natural resources production and fishing
0821 Managers in agriculture
0822 Managers in horticulture
0823 Managers in aquaculture
0911 Manufacturing managers
0912 Utilities managers
1111 Financial auditors and accountants
1112 Financial and investment analysts
1113 Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers
1114 Other financial officers
1121 Human resources professionals
1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting
1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
1211 Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers
1212 Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers
1213 Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers
1214 Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations
1215 Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
1221 Administrative officers
1222 Executive assistants
1223 Human resources and recruitment officers
1224 Property administrators
1225 Purchasing agents and officers
1226 Conference and event planners
1227 Court officers and justices of the peace
1228 Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers
1241 Administrative assistants
1242 Legal administrative assistants
1243 Medical administrative assistants
1251 Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations
1252 Health information management occupations
1253 Records management technicians
1254 Statistical officers and related research support occupations
1311 Accounting technicians and bookkeepers
1312 Insurance adjusters and claims examiners
1313 Insurance underwriters
1314 Assessors, valuators and appraisers
1315 Customs, ship and other brokers
2111 Physicists and astronomers
2113 Geoscientists and oceanographers
2114 Meteorologists and climatologists
2115 Other professional occupations in physical sciences
2121 Biologists and related scientists
2122 Forestry professionals
2123 Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists
2131 Civil engineers
2132 Mechanical engineers
2133 Electrical and electronics engineers
2134 Chemical engineers
2141 Industrial and manufacturing engineers
2142 Metallurgical and materials engineers
2143 Mining engineers
2144 Geological engineers
2145 Petroleum engineers
2146 Aerospace engineers
2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
2148 Other professional engineers, n.e.c.
2152 Landscape architects
2153 Urban and land use planners
2154 Land surveyors
2161 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
2171 Information systems analysts and consultants
2172 Database analysts and data administrators
2173 Software engineers and designers
2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers
2175 Web designers and developers
2211 Chemical technologists and technicians
2212 Geological and mineral technologists and technicians
2221 Biological technologists and technicians
2222 Agricultural and fish products inspectors
2223 Forestry technologists and technicians
2224 Conservation and fishery officers
2225 Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists
2231 Civil engineering technologists and technicians
2232 Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
2233 Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians
2234 Construction estimators
2241 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
2242 Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)
2243 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
2244 Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors
2251 Architectural technologists and technicians
2252 Industrial designers in the US
2253 Drafting technologists and technicians
2254 Land survey technologists and technicians
2255 Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology
2261 Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians
2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers
2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
2264 Construction inspectors
2271 Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
2272 Air traffic controllers and related occupations
2273 Deck officers, water transport
2274 Engineer officers, water transport
2275 Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
2281 US Computer network technicians
2282 User support technicians
2283 US Information systems testing technicians
3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
3012 US Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
3111 Specialist physicians
3112 General practitioners and family physicians
3114 United States Veterinarians
3121 US Optometrists
3124 Allied primary health practitioners
3125 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
3132 Dietitians and nutritionists
3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
3143 Occupational therapists
3144 Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
3211 Medical laboratory technologists
3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
3213 Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
3215 Medical radiation technologists
3216 Medical sonographers
3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
3219 Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
3222 Dental hygienists and dental therapists
3223 Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants
3232 Practitioners of natural healing
3233 Licensed practical nurses
3234 Paramedical occupations
3236 Massage therapists
3237 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
4011 University professors and lecturers
4012 Post-secondary teaching and research assistants
4021 College and other vocational instructors
4031 Secondary school teachers
4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
4033 Educational counsellors
4112 Lawyers and Quebec notaries
4152 Social workers
4153 Family, marriage and other related counsellors
4154 Professional occupations in religion
4155 Probation and parole officers and related occupations
4156 Employment counsellors
4161 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4162 Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts
4163 Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants
4164 Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4165 Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4166 Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4167 Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4168 Program officers unique to government
4169 Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.
4211 Paralegal and related occupations
4212 Social and community service workers
4214 Early childhood educators and assistants
4215 Instructors of persons with disabilities
4216 Other instructors
4217 Other religious occupations
4311 Police officers (except commissioned)
4313 Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Forces
5112 Conservators and curators
5121 Authors and writers
5125 Translators, terminologists and interpreters
5131 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
5132 Conductors, composers and arrangers
5133 Musicians and singers
5135 Actors and comedians
5136 Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
5211 Library and public archive technicians
5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries
5222 Film and video camera operators
5223 Graphic arts technicians
5224 Broadcast technicians
5225 Audio and video recording technicians
5226 Other technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
5227 Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts
5231 Announcers and other broadcasters
5232 Other performers, n.e.c.
5241 Graphic designers and illustrators
5242 Interior designers and interior decorators
5243 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers
5244 Artisans and craftspersons
5245 Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products
5253 Sports officials and referees
5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
6211 Retail sales supervisors
6221 Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade
6222 Retail and wholesale buyers
6231 Insurance agents and brokers
6232 Real estate agents and salespersons
6235 Financial sales representatives
6311 Food service supervisors
6312 Executive housekeepers
6313 Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors
6314 Customer and information services supervisors
6315 Cleaning supervisors
6316 Other services supervisors
6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale
6341 Hairstylists and barbers
6342 Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners
6343 Shoe repairers and shoemakers
6344 Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations
6346 Funeral directors and embalmers
7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7232 Tool and die makers
7233 Sheet metal workers
7235 Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
7237 Welders and related machine operators
7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242 Industrial electricians
7243 Power system electricians
7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7253 Gas fitters
7282 Concrete finishers
7283 Tile setters
7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
7291 Roofers and shinglers
7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
7295 Floor covering installers
7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
7314 Railway Carmen/women
7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
7316 Machine fitters
7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
7322 Motor vehicle body repairers
7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
7333 Electrical mechanics
7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers
7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women
7371 Crane operators
7372 Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
7373 Water well drillers
7381 Printing press operators
7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.
8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services
8231 Underground production and development miners
8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
8241 Logging machinery operators
8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
8261 Fishing masters and officers
9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators
9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators
Step Two: Immigration Points Score Required to Migrate to Canada from the US
Once you’ve identified an Occupation in Demand from the NOC “National Occupation Code “ List of Canada above then next up we need to be able to identify your points on the Canadian Immigration Points score matrix for your Express Entry application, as the Canadian Government will offer invitations for visas to the higher points scoring candidates from the pool in the various NOC code sectors that Canada need under their immigration program.
In order to immigrate to Canada from the US, we’ll definitely need to work out your points though we will always work closely with you to maximize (and build on) your Canadian Immigration Points Score.
A couple of examples of where points are awarded in the Canadian immigration score grid are shown below. This does not cover all the areas where your points will be awarded – it is designed to give you an idea of how the system of points scoring works within the Canadian immigration system.
Migrate to Canada from the US Age Points
|Age||With a spouse or common-law partner||Without a spouse or common-law partner|
|(Maximum 100 points)||(Maximum 110 points)|
|17 years of age or less||0||0|
|18 years of age||90||99|
|19 years of age||95||105|
|20 to 29 years of age||100||110|
|30 years of age||95||105|
|31 years of age||90||99|
|32 years of age||85||94|
|33 years of age||80||88|
|34 years of age||75||83|
|35 years of age||70||77|
|36 years of age||65||72|
|37 years of age||60||66|
|38 years of age||55||61|
|39 years of age||50||55|
|40 years of age||45||50|
|41 years of age||35||39|
|42 years of age||25||28|
|43 years of age||15||17|
|44 years of age||5||6|
|45 years of age or more||0||0|
|Migrate to Canada from Australia English Language Points|
|Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability||With a spouse or common-law partner||Without a spouse or common-law partner|
|(Maximum 128 points)||(Maximum 136 points)|
|Less than CLB 4||0||0|
|CLB 4 or 5||6||6|
|CLB 10 or more||32||34|
|Official languages proficiency - second official language|
|Maximum points for each ability (reading, writing, speaking and listening):|
|6 with a spouse or common-law partner (up to a combined maximum of 22 points)|
|6 without a spouse or common-law partner (up to a combined maximum of 24 points)|
|Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability||With a spouse or common-law partner||Without a spouse or common-law partner|
|(Maximum 22 points)||(Maximum 24 points)|
|CLB 4 or less||0||0|
|CLB 5 or 6||1||1|
|CLB 7 or 8||3||3|
|CLB 9 or more||6||6|
|Migrate to Canada from Australia Points for Education|
|Level of Education||With a spouse or common-law partner||Without a spouse or common-law partner|
|(Maximum 140 points)||(Maximum 150 points)|
|Less than secondary school (high school)||0||0|
|Secondary diploma (high school graduation)||28||30|
|One-year degree, diploma or certificate from a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute||84||90|
|Two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute||91||98|
|Bachelor's degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute||112||120|
|Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years||119||128|
|Master's degree, OR professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree,” the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.)||126||135|
|Doctoral level university degree (Ph.D.)||140||150|
Points for other Areas
There are points awarded for many other areas, such as work experience, job offers, family in Canada French language skills and more. It is a somewhat complex points scoring system and we suggest going through the process in more detail with one of our experts.
What’s the next step to migrate to Canada from the US?
The next step is to submit your express entry application to the Canadian Government.
Express Entry is the name given to the candidate pool from all over the world of people wanting to Immigrate to Canada. This process involves having your professional qualifications credentialed and certified so they can be approved as being able to meet the standard of Canadian employment in the area of employment and note that many professions will have to go further to be fully assessed to industry or professional body registration within Canada and this may require testing as a condition of being granted your visa. So it is important to know the requirements of your trade or profession.
Every Profession, Occupation, and Trade has their own Skills Assessment Authority tied to Canadian Immigration or a specific Province and it’s their role to say an applicant is who they say they are, and has the right skills, experience, and qualifications.
With a positive skills assessment or your education verified, it’s time to lodge your Express Entry application. It’s important that we make this Application as strong as possible because it’s the details in this declaration that Canada uses to decide which applications are going to receive their Invitation to Apply for the Visa.
Express Entry is not a ‘visa’ in its own right, it simply allows successful candidates to be filtered out to receive an Invitation to Apply for a Federal Skilled Trades Visa, a Federal Skilled Worker Visa or a Provincial Nomination Visa.
An Invitation to Apply (ITA) can be best described as approval in principle of your visa, allowing you to migrate to Canada from the US.
With an ITA in hand, it’s time to complete the final complicated stages of the Canada Visa process and to complete health checks and medicals.
Once your Canada visa is granted you’re all set to make the move to Canada from the US. You don’t need to move immediately (though most do) and you have 12 months to activate your Canadian Permanent Residency Visas once they are granted.
On average do allow six to eight months for the process from start to finish. Sometimes it happens sooner, sometimes later though one year is a good benchmark to keep in mind.
Get started by taking our Free Canadian Visa Assessment and see if you’re eligible to apply to Immigrate to Canada from the US.
This program is for those US Citizens who have relatives living in Canada. Adult children or a spouse or partner who is a Canadian citizen or permanent residentcan sponsor you for Canadian permanent residence. This is an ideal way to immigrate to Canada from the US without a job offer.
If you’ve previously lived and worked in Canada as a you may be eligible to apply apply for a Permanent Residency card under this program.
If you are going to immigrate to Canada and create employment, then you may qualify for a visa through one of the provincial entrepreneur programs. You may be eligible even if you haven’t started the business yet. Take our free visa assessment to check your eligibility to immigrate to Canada from the US on the Provincial Entrepreneur Program
Immigrate to Canada From The United States Podcast Transcript:
Welcome to another episode of The emigrate Canada CIC news podcast. My name is Monty. And as regular listeners will know, I’ve spent the last 25 years promoting Canadian immigration all around the world. And I’m here to spread the message. That immigrating to Canada is actually pretty easy and very straightforward, as long as you have the right information. You’re going to find out exactly how to make your own applications straight from the experts. You’re going to save literally 1000s on so called migration agents and lawyers fees. And even if you are planning on using an agent or a lawyer, then find out about the process in detail so you can ask them the right questions at the right times. And make sure that your agent is on point. There’s also a tonne of things you can do yourself to save loads of money on lawyers fees, and to help speed up the process.
Today we’re going to look at specifically how to immigrate to Canada from the United States. So this is going to be a summary of what Canadian immigration pathways are available for United States citizens from temporary residents through to permanent residency, PR, family sponsorship or simply getting permanent residency on arrival in Canada.
Now, the best thing about moving to Canada from the United States, either temporarily or permanently, is that Canada and the United States are obviously part of the CUSMA The Canada United States Mexico agreement which makes it much easier for United States citizens to live and work in Canada. So if you are in the United States or a United States citizen and your ultimate objective is to secure Canadian PR permanent residency,then the great thing is that you’ve got a number of options available depending on your individual unique circumstances and your overall long term goals.
So if your goal is permanent residency, and citizenship, then you’re going to have a lot of questions around this. And for those answers, head over to www.emigratecanada.com, where for free we have all of the information available. And this means that actually you don’t need to spend money on a expensive so called migration agent or an ultra expensive Canadian lawyer. You simply don’t need to because these things are designed to be able to do yourself as long as you have the right information and can take the right actions at the right time.
So if you’re immigrating from the United States to Canada, the first thing that you’ll need to really decide upon is if you’re going to pursue one of the economic class visas or the Family Class visas.
If you don’t have close family in Canada then you’re going to have to look at the economic class immigration programs for Canada, of which there are many. So if you are looking to come to Canada, from the United States to build a career and a life then the program requirements are going to look at your educational achievements and your assessments, as well as previous work experience, occupation class, and language ability. That English or french language ability will also play a role does seem a little bit strange sometimes, but it’s a really good way of gaining those extra points to do an English test especially if English is your first language or French test, especially French is your first language.
So what are the most popular ways that people use or popular visa pathways that people use to immigrate from the United States to Canada?
Well, number one at the very top of the tree, our study permits and postgraduate work permits. Number two, as we said is the via the CUSMA agreement. Number three, via temporary foreign worker programs and international mobility program initiatives. Number four, express entry; this Express Entry route we have covered extensively in other different podcasts so do have a look at the links in the transcript below for links direct links to those explanations and those podcasts as well.
Okay, the next one is the Provincial Nominee program. Lots of United States citizens use the PNP or the Provincial Nominee program to immigrate successfully to Canada. And then last but not least, we have the family sponsorship route as well. So one of the things people ask me is they say Hey, Monty, how do these study permits and postgraduate work permits actually work? And the answer is always very, very straightforward and very simple. If you want to study in Canada, you need a study permit. And in order to get a study permit, or a study visa, you have to make an application after you receive your letter of acceptance from a Canadian academic institution. And usually this is after they’ve either accepted you or accepted you and you’ve paid your your school fees or deposit or percentage of their school fees in advance.
Now, the great thing about study permits is that they allow you to live in Canada. You can work part time during the school year and full time during any scheduled academic breaks, such as the Christmas break or the Easter break. And the other great thing about the Canadian study permit is that if you’re a mature student, and you have a family, then you can decide as a family that you’re going to move to Canada on a study permit. Now how this works is that either yourself or your or your spouse may decide to enroll in a university course this could be an undergraduate degree of three years or four years. It can be a master’s program. It can be a PhD, or indeed it can be an undergraduate program leading to a master’s leading to a PhD, which would of course, really extend the amount of time you would be able to be in Canada on that study permit.
The person attending school or the academic institution, as we previously said, they’re allowed to study in Canada and work part time during school terms and work full time when those terms have ended. And it’s a period of break. Now, interestingly, the other partner, the other, the other or the other spouse, now they’re allowed to work full time in Canada. Which is exceptional, okay. Children are also allowed to attend education in Canada as well without extra charge, which is kind of unique when we’re looking at lots of different other immigration programmes available all over the world.
The study permit really is pretty holistic, and absolutely good, solid viable way of getting you and yourself over to Canada. So what happens when the period of study ends? This is where it switches on post graduation work permit. Okay, so what the post graduation work permit does is allow the initial holder of the study visa to live and work for a further three years in Canada after their course has finished. Now obviously during this time, the spouse or partner can continue to work full time as well and children can continue to go to school. So what are we actually doing throughout this process is building up direct Canadian work experience.
So on the one side, you haven’t gone to college or university in Canada, you’re going to come away with a Canadian qualification, okay, which is a huge tick when we will start to look at Express Entry and permanent residency. Second of all, your husband or spouse or wife who’s already working out there is building up their Canadian experience, okay, so they’re able to then make an application under the Express Entry and Canadian Experience Class potentially. If that doesn’t work out what the study holder or the study visa holder is actually doing. Once they then have their post graduation work permit is again, they’re building up their direct Canadian experience as well. So you know, they’ve got their Canadian qualifications, three years direct. Canada work experience. Again, that’s gonna open up a lot more good, solid, viable immigration pathways for permanent residency and citizenship, including the candidate experience class and lots of provincial nomination programs as well. So taking a few little steps back then, how to apply for a study permit. Well, there’s certain immigration hurdles that you need to overcome in order to apply for that study permit and to be accepted.
First of all, the application that you make to study in Canada needs to be from what’s called as designated learning institution at DNI. Now, most colleges and universities throughout Canada are already designated learning institutions, the Li and really this, this criteria is in there for your protection, because obviously over the years there have been many reports of less than honest institutions springing up and opening up in in Canada in order to take advantage of the study permits and post graduation work permit route.
So number two the CUSMA, the Canada United States Mexico agreement. This was previously known as NAFTA and makes it exponentially easier for United States citizens to live and work in Canada. If you can come to Canada on a CUSMa based work permit, obviously your Canadian employer gets to skip over or fast forward through the labor market impact assessment tests so the LMIA which can be both a lengthy and expensive process, so there are four categories then of Cu S ma work permits, okay. The first one is for professionals, professionals have to be qualified to work in one of approximately 60 targeted professions. And for a full list of those professions head over to EmigrateCanada.com.
So they have to have their pre arranged employment in Canada, in an occupation, obviously, that clearly matches their qualifications. And experience. Next up, CUSMA also do intercompany transfers and on a CUSMA inter-company transfer, you must be transferred to Canada on a temporary basis in order to work for either a branch when affiliate or a subsidiary of an already existing United States employer. You have to continue to work in that capacity and the capacity has to be considered technically, like executive level sea level managerial or indeed something that requires exceptional specialized knowledge.
Okay, next up traders. So cus ma trader, they have to really show an intention to carry out significant trade of goods or services between Canada and the United States and vice versa. So the trader as it is, must be employed as a in a supervisory or C suite or certainly executive capacity. And again, they have to have clear duties that involve essential skills.
Next up, investors. CUSMA investors must demonstrate that they have made a significant investment in either a new or existing Canadian business, okay, and that they’re seeking entry to Canada to develop and clearly direct that very same business. Work Permits in the CUSMA investor category must be granted to employees of the primary investor who can be considered essential staff as well.
So what happens if you don’t fit into any of these categories and you’re still a US resident or citizenship in another country? What are the work permit options going to be for you?
Okay, number one, temporary foreign worker program, an international mobility program. Sounds like a bit of a mouthful, actually very, very clear. Very straightforward. Let’s first look at the TFWP versus the international mobility program being imp made a difference between the two is this need for what’s called a Labor Market Impact Assessment. So, with the temporary foreign worker program, Canadian employers must first complete what’s called a LMIA process. This is a document that proves where the Canadian government have said a year or neutral that there will be a positive or neutral impact to the Canadian Labor Market.
If the employer proceeds and goes ahead to hire that specific foreign worker, okay. Employers often have to demonstrate or show that they’ve advertised the position for a certain amount of time and clearly that there was no local or domestic worker available to fill that role. Right. So the mandate of the TFWP really was to plug the holes in the Canadian Labor Market. Although, on the other hand, the imp the international mobility program, that’s more about expanding Canada’s economic, social and cultural interests, because the real difference between the TFWP and the imp is that those on the imp do not need to apply for all be granted and LMIA, the case so TFWP definitely the employer needs a Labor Market Impact Assessment on the IMP stream, no Labor Market Impact Assessment required.
So why is that?
That’s because the IMP work permits are usually based on bilateral or existing agreements such as that CUSMA. Okay, another example would be the global talent stream which has a massively expedited only two week 14 Day Processing Standard and offers a great pathway for Canada.
For previous h1 B holders in the United States the TFWP and IMP are examples of how to come to Canada temporarily from the United States. Although obviously there are a number of immigration programmes available for those who want to skip that temporary status and go straight for permanent residency as 1000s of United States citizens do each and every year.
Express entry for United States citizens looking to immigrate to Canada.
The Express Entry is it’s not a visa class in its own right was best to think of it as a online application management system for three clear Canadian immigration programs. Number one, express entry for Federal Skilled Worker Program for United States citizens. Okay, number two Federal Skilled Trades program. And number three, the Canadian Experience Class with a Canadian Experience Class the CEC being pretty much the top Express Entry program for candidates who are already living and working in Canada because one of the key eligibility criteria for the CEC is that applicants need to have at least one year of Canadian work experience in a skilled occupation.
Lots of Americans say to me, Hey, Monty, I don’t live in Canada. I haven’t worked in Canada. Can I still use the Express Entry System? Well, absolutely. You simply have to look online and find out the right information because that’s going to direct you and show you that in order to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program or the Federal Skilled Trades program.
You don’t need direct Canadian work experience. And you can convert your existing qualifications from outside of Canada, Canada into their Canadian equivalents through wares. Or red seal. And again, for a full explanation of World Education Services, educational credentialing, and of course, how to emigrate as a skilled trades person. Do head over to emigratecanada.com for lots of good free further information.
Now for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you’re required to have one year of continuous skilled work experience, okay, a Canadian language benchmark of seven, in English or French and to have your education credential so your conversion of your qualifications in your home country into their Canadian equivalent. You also need to be able to score 67 out of a possible 100 on the Federal Skilled Worker Program, points matrix.
There are two point scores involved in express entry with Federal Skilled workers. One in order to make an Express Entry application, you have to score at least 67 on the Federal Skilled Worker Program points matrix. Now this is separate from the comprehensive ranking system, the CRS points which are used by Express Entry. Okay, so, first of all, you have to score 67 points on the federal skilled work program in order to lodge an Express Entry application. Once you’re in the express entry pool, you are assigned a comprehensive ranking system number which you can increase by taking your English again or doing more qualifications, etc.
Now, it’s based on this CRS score when you will receive an invitation to apply for that Federal Skilled Worker Program visa. Okay for tradespeople for Federal Skilled Trades programs slightly different. You’re going to need at least two years full time work experience in an eligible occupation and lots of other criteria. Key to this is that you have to have a valid job offer or at least one year in Canada or holder a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority.
So this is key. If you’re coming on the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you don’t necessarily have to have a job offer. If you’re coming on the Federal Skilled Trade Program, there are two options one, have your Express Entry launched and receive a job offer or number two, have your Express Entry launched.
Don’t have a job offer but do have what’s called a red seal challenge or a successful Red Seal challenge. Okay, so red seal are the trade regulator. They’re the people who issued trade qualifications. So in the United Kingdom, it might be NVQ. Okay, and South Africa is going to be red seal, as well as everything else in between. So this is where you take all of your qualifications in your home country and you go to the Canadian trades authority red seal and you say look, I am really a really, really well qualified plumber, for example, or an electrician or a welder. I’ve got my tickets, okay, I’ve got my wiring regulations, etc, etc. I’ve got my work experience. I’ve done my apprenticeship. They then look at all these things and say, yeah, actually, you know what, you have got a significant amount of experience and you’re fully qualified in your in your home country. So we can invite you to do a red seal challenge and that is essentially fast tracking you through the local qualification system.
Now the interesting is, once you have your red seal, two things are going to happen are going to happen. Okay, so first up with your new Canadian trade qualification, you may well find that it unlocks lots of provincial nominations. Okay, so that’s a very, very good way of securing the extra 600 points in order to move forward in terms of provincial nomination through into your Federal Skilled Trades visa. Okay. The second one is applying for a job. You know, one of the key criteria for lots of highly skilled trades jobs efforts are you have to be red seal qualified, okay.
It doesn’t matter where you’re qualified elsewhere in the world. If you’re an electrician in Australia, you’re going to be you’re gonna have slightly different qualifications and work on slightly different wiring systems and electrical and electronic systems than in Canada. So what happens is, in Canada, they say actually, we only want Canadian qualified electricians. Same as in the United Kingdom, same as in Europe. So by having that red seal qualification, it allows you to apply for those roles. Now, given that trades are there’s a massive amount of trades jobs available. There’s a demand totally outstrip supply. The market is red hot, salaries are booming. Everything’s on an upward trajectory, then the chances of securing a job once you have that red seal in place are very, very high.
Okay, next up Direct Provincial Nomination. So there are two types of Provincial Nominee programs for United States citizens looking to immigrate to Canada number one enhanced programs. These are aligned with Express Entry and based programs and these operate independently of the Express Entry System. So lots of the Canadian provinces they’re able to have a certain amount of autonomy themselves over their own sort of local immigration policies.
Okay. So, enhanced programs they sit alongside express entry, but based programs these are ones which are designed, implemented and processed. By the provinces themselves. So enhanced programs pull their candidates directly from the express entry pool. Okay, so as a United States citizen looking to immigrate to Canada, if you’re in the enhanced Pro, if you’re going after an enhanced program, you need your Express Entry. Done dusted and in, if you then receive a provincial nomination through one of the PNP, you get an extra 600 CRS points which is going to boost you through that express entry process into the into the into the ultimate permanent residency, Visa pathway as well. In the very next Express Entry draw.
So as soon as you receive that, pretty much the next Express Entry draw happens every couple of weeks. The next one that comes your name is going to be on the list and you’re going to receive that invitation. Now, base PMPs. So base Provincial Nominee programs they work a little bit differently. These base PNPs. For US citizens are a slightly different option.
Okay, for people who are not eligible for full express entry. In order to immigrate through a base PNP you need to make an application direct to the province. And then if you’re eligible, or then if the province agrees, then you’re going to receive your nomination. Then, with that nomination in hand, you can then apply for permanent residency to the federal government. Wow. Next up, Family Class sponsorship. If you’re a United States citizen looking to immigrate to Canada and you have a spouse or other family members in Canada already, then you can start looking at the Family Class sponsorship route.
So who can be sponsored Well, relatives like brothers, sisters, uncle, obviously spouse or husband, wife, partner, doesn’t matter. Absolutely can be covered with a family class sponsorship. Although, do remember that people who can’t be sponsored are people who are considered to be criminally or medically inadmissible.
Their spouses or common law partners can be either sponsored from inside Canada or in the United States. And to be eligible you have to be over 18 Obviously, and in an ongoing, genuine, mutually exclusive relationship with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident who can demonstrate that they can financially support you for via form 5532 and any children you may also have.
Canadian citizens can sponsor from abroad, but permanent residents cannot. Interesting. So if you’ve gone down the fall if a partner has gone down the full Canadian citizenship process or is a natural Canadian citizen, they can sponsor they can launch that application from anywhere in the world. But if you have permanent residency, or your spouse has permanent residency, sorry, and not quite Canadian citizenship yet, then the application has to be made from within the country. And also there’s an option to emigrate from the United States to Canada on Family Class sponsorship for those who perhaps want to wait out the process a little bit in Canada together. And this is the is called the spousal open work permit as well.
The other interesting family class sponsorship for United States citizens looking to immigrate to Canada, or is the parents and grandparents. The parents and grandparents program excuse me, the PGP was always a bit of a mouthful. The PGP is a pathway to permanent residency for parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens. And, you know, this program acts a lot like the lottery system that US citizens are going to be relatively familiar with in terms of their green card lottery. It works in the same way. This is where a very small number of applicants in their PGP program invited to apply every every so often. It’s not it’s not it’s not great. PGP does work.
Although lots of people who are looking to sponsor their parents or grandparents want a more robust and a more structured way of making that application and to do this it’s fire the Super Visa. Again, Super Visa you can find a lot more information on emigratecanada.com, or Canada made simple.com And I’m going to do another podcast directly on the Super Visa in a little while, so it may well already be live depending on when you have or when you’re listening to this to this podcast. And, again Do note that Canadians can also obviously sponsor their biological and or adopted children who are under the age of 22.
Well, as I say, there’s a lot to take in when looking at how to immigrate to Canada from the US. Lots and lots of different different routes as you would expect being neighboring countries as well and also part of that CUSMA agreement. So as I say, feel free to reach out to us at emigratecanada.com, have a little look, there’s going to be plenty of free information there.
Title of Article: How to Immigrate to Canada from the US
Author: © Monty @ Emigrate Canada, the Worlds Number One Canadian Immigration Expert